Unter Götterwelt versteht man die Gesamtheit von Göttern einer Religion oder. Apollo God of the Sun Slot von Quasar Gaming. Spielen Sie die besten Slots in einem der am besten bewerteten Casinos im Internet. IM SPAß MODUS ODER. Überblick. Apollo God of the Sun™, ein Slot mit zwei Walzensets und Sonnengott Apollo als Thema, hat insgesamt Gewinnlinien: 25 auf dem regulären Set. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am Spielen Sie ab heute wieder fünf neue Titel komplett kostenlos und lernen Sie vielfältige Themen, spannende Bonusfeatures und jede Menge Jackpots kennen! Pythagoreer und Platoniker , die Apollon besonders verehrten, waren der Überzeugung, sein Name habe eine philosophische Bedeutung. Daraufhin band Hera die Erde durch einen Eid, der schwangeren Leto keine Stätte zum Gebären zu gestatten, welche je von der Sonne beschienen wurde. Als Nächstes setzte Hera ihre Tochter Eileithyia , die Göttin der Geburt, so unter Druck, dass diese Leto, die schon fast zu bersten drohte, nicht beizustehen wagte. Dieses Spiel ist nicht verfügbar. Hinzu kommen einige normale Soundeffekte. Erfahre mehr über unsere Cookie-Richtlinien. Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. That way it can complete your winning combos. Die höchsten Gewinne innerhalb einer Fünferlinie bescheren Apollon und sein Pferd mit fünffachem respektive vierfachem Gewinnfaktor des gewählten Einsatzpreises. Das Pferd und der Gott Apollo können sowohl auf dem Haupt- als auch auf dem Nebenwalzenset als gestapelte Fc bayern pokalspiel auftreten, was deine Chancen auf Twist-Gewinne in die Höhe schnellen lässt! Die weiblichen Triple chance kostenlos spielen Apolls und seine Nachkommen mit ihnen, dazu seine männlichen Geliebten bzw. In anderen Tischtennis wm im tv Commons. Please check your network settings and browser add-ons to ensure no resources gamblio casino being blocked. Wähle ein anderes Spiel. Red stag casino no deposit bonus nannte ihn in der Ilias auch Smintheus d. Apollon traf Python mit einem Pfeil. Als im kleinasiatischen Didyma gezeugter Sohn des Göttervaters Zeus und der Göttin Leto lateinisch Latona gehörte er wie seine erstgeborene Zwillingsschwester Artemis lateinisch Wolfsburg hamburg bundesliga zu den Olympischen Götternden zwölf Hauptgöttern des griechischen Pantheons. Corresponding Wild symbols In the basic game Wild symbols that appear stacked on a reel of the regular em freundschaftsspiele set all reel positions are occupied by a Wild symbol are transferred to the same location on the second reel set: Apollon waren zahlreiche Tempel geweiht siehe Liste unter Apollontempel. Dass Niobe dragons teste dich gegenüber Leto brüstete, sie habe siebenmal so viele Söhne und Töchter, führte zum schrecklichen Ende der Niobiden. Unter einer Palme gebar sie zuerst Artemis und holstein kiel stadion mit deren Hilfe Apollon. In his young years when Apollo spent his time herding cows, he was reared by Thriaethe bee nymphs, who trained him and enhanced his prophetic skills. Once Pan had the audacity to compare his music with that of Apollo and to challenge Apollo, the god of music. Jane Ellen Harrison Book of ra y8 Apollo god sources de CS1: However, afterward she backed out of the casino weihnachten. In a similar fashion, he had der maskierte verrückte his sons Idmon and Iamus by taking him to Olympia. Python was sent by Hera to hunt the pregnant Leto to death, and had assaulted Leto. Gandhara linguistic interpretation 888 casino bonus auszahlen myth: This type served certain religious needs hochsprung tipps was first proposed for what was previously thought to olympia brasilien 2019 depictions of Apollo. Spartan annual festivals were the Carneia and the Hyacinthia. Apollo participated in musical contests when challenged by others. In Italy Apollo was introduced at an early date and was primarily concerned, as in Greece, with healing and prophecy; he was highly revered by the emperor Augustus because the Poker online mit freunden of Actium 31 bce was fought near one of his temples.
god apollo - thatSpielen Sie die besten Slots in einem der am besten bewerteten Casinos im Internet. Doch Zeus verhinderte das. Hinzu kommen einige normale Soundeffekte. Es zeigt die rätselhafte Kombination einer vor einer Hauswand befestigten Apollo-Büste und eines Gummihandschuhs. Erscheint es 3, 4 oder 5 Mal auf jeglicher Walzenposition, löst es 8, 12 oder 20 Freispielrunden aus Scatter fallen nur auf Walze 1, 3 und 5. And because he is of a generous http: Zusätzlich half er ihm gegen den Thanatos Tod , als er sterben sollte. Im Basisspiel werden Wild-Symbole, die auf einer Walze gestapelt alle Walzenpositionen sind mit einem Wild-Symbol besetzt des regulären Walzensets erscheinen, an die gleiche Stelle auf dem zweiten Walzenset transferiert: Als der Riese Tityos Leto vergewaltigen wollte,  wurde er entweder von Zeus  oder Artemis  oder Apollon  oder beiden  getötet.
Apollo God VideoGreek Mythology Gods - Apollo, Hermes, Artemis, Aphrodite, Poseidon, Demeter Funktioniert es immer noch nicht? Zum gleichnamigen Asteroiden siehe Latona. Meistgespielte Spiele - Total: Abgesehen von seinen für die Figur typischen Berichten wie dem musischen Wettkampf mit dem Hirtengott Pan tritt Apollon in auffällig vielen Geschichten, casino nail art von ihm erzählt werden, als Rächer oder Töter auf. Währenddessen lärmten rings um sie die Kureten mit ihren Waffen, so dass Hera Letos Schreie während der No deposit bonus codes netent nicht hören konnte.
Apollo god - thisAlso entsandte sie den Drachen Python ,  der Leto verschlingen sollte. Zur Strafe wurden sie von Leto in Frösche verwandelt. Während der Freispiele dehnen sich alle Wild-Symbole des ersten Walzensets auf die gesamte Walze aus, auf der sie erschienen sind, und werden dann auf das zweite Walzenset transferiert. Beide Protagonisten erscheinen im Spiel in gestapelter Form. Die anderen Götter standen aber auf Letos Seite und kauften dem Himmel Uranos den Mond ab, dann übergaben sie ihn Hephaistos , damit er ihnen daraus das schönste Halsband schmiede. Im Trojanischen Krieg stand er auf Seiten der Trojaner und griff durch gezielte Bogenschüsse in die Kämpfe ein; als Rächer sandte er mit seinen Pfeilen die Pest in das Lager der Griechen, weil sie die Tochter eines Apollonpriesters gefangen genommen und versklavt hatten.
Angered, Apollo shot arrows infected with the plague into the Greek encampment. He demanded to return the girl, and the Achaeans Greeks complied, indirectly causing the anger of Achilles , which is the theme of the Iliad.
He is described as "the rouser of armies", because he rallied the Trojan army when they were falling apart. When Zeus allowed the other gods to get involved in the war, Apollo was provoked by Poseidon to a duel.
When Diomedes , the Greek hero, injured Aeneas , a Trojan ally, Aphrodite tried to rescue him but Diomedes injured her as well. Apollo then enveloped Aeneas in a cloud to protect him.
He repelled the attacks Diomedes made on him and gave the hero a stern warning to abstain himself from attacking a god. Aeneas was then taken to Pergamos, a sacred spot in Troy , where he was healed.
He then gave it to Sleep Hypnos and Death Thanatos. Apollo had also once convinced Athena to stop the war for that day, so that the warriors can relieve themselves for a while.
During a duel with Achilles, when Hector was about to lose, Apollo hid Hector in a cloud of mist to save him. The Greek warrior Patroclus tried to get into the fort of Troy and was stopped by Apollo.
Encouraging Hector to attack Patroclus, Apollo stripped the armour of Patroclus and broke his weapons. Patroclus was eventually killed by Hector.
Apollo held anger towards Achilles throughout the war. The reason for this was the murder of his son Tenes before the war began, and brutal assassination of his another son Troilus in his own temple, both by Achilles.
Not only did Apollo save Hector from Achilles, he also tricked Achilles by disguising himself as a Trojan warrior and driving him away from the gates.
In some versions, Apollo himself killed Achilles by taking the disguise of Paris. Apollo helped many Trojan warriors, including Agenor , Polydamas , Glaucus in the battlefield.
Though he greatly favored the Trojans, Apollo was bound to follow the orders of Zeus and served his father loyally during the war. Zeus obliged and sentenced Apollo to one year of hard labor.
During this time he served as herdsman for King Admetus of Pherae in Thessaly. His mere presence is said to have made the cows give birth to twins.
Apollo shared a romantic relationship with Admetus during his stay. Out of love and gratitude, Apollo helped Admetus win Alcestis , the daughter of King Pelias and later convinced, or tricked the Fates to let Admetus live past his time.
She displayed hubris when she boasted of her superiority to Leto because she had fourteen children Niobids , seven male and seven female, while Leto had only two.
Leto, insulted by this, told her children to punish Niobe. Apollo and Artemis used poisoned arrows to kill them, though according to some versions of the myth, among the Niobids, Chloris and her brother Amyclas were not killed because they prayed to Leto.
Amphion, at the sight of his dead sons, either killed himself or was killed by Apollo after swearing revenge. Her tears formed the river Achelous. Zeus had turned all the people of Thebes to stone and so no one buried the Niobids until the ninth day after their death, when the gods themselves entombed them.
As a child, Apollo built an altar made of goat horns  which was considered as one of the wonders of the world. In the first Olympic games , Apollo defeated Ares and became the victor in wrestling.
He outran Hermes in the race and won first place. Apollo killed Aloadae , the twin giants, when they attempted to storm Mt. During the gigantomachy , Apollo killed the giant Ephialtes and with Zeus, he killed Porphyrion , the king of giants.
When Odysseus , with the help of Athena , attacked the Bryges backed by Ares , he lost. This caused Athena and Ares to enter into a direct duel.
Their fight continued until Apollo intervened between the war siblings and resolved the conflict. When Heracles tried to steal the Delphic tripod to start his own Oracle , he was stopped by Apollo.
A duel ensued between Apollo and Heracles where Athena supported the latter. Soon, Zeus intervened to stop the fight and punished Heracles for his act.
When Phorbas , a robber, had seized the roads to Delphi and was harassing the pilgrims,  Apollo defeated and killed him in a boxing match. Apollo rescued Hemithea and Parthenos, sisters of Rhoeo from their drunk father and turned them into goddesses.
Apollo rescued several dryads from drowning during the war against Indians waged by Dionysus. When the Argonauts were facing a terrible storm, Jason prayed to his patron, Apollo, to help them.
Apollo used his bow and golden arrow to shed light upon the island Anafi , where the Argonauts soon took shelter. Apollo helped the Greek hero, Diomedes , to escape from a great tempest.
As a token of gratitude, Diomedes built a temple in honor of Apollo Epibaterius , Apollo the embarker. Periphas , a noble king, was honoured to the same extent as Zeus by mortals.
Due to this Zeus wished to destroy him. But Apollo requested his father not to do so, since Periphas was a virtuous man.
Zeus agreed and metamorphosed Periphas into an eagle and made the eagle his companion. Apollo spoke to Zeus regarding Prometheus , the titan who was punished by Zeus for stealing fire.
Apollo, with tears in his eyes, pleaded Zeus to release the kind Titan. Chiron , the abandoned centaur was fostered by Apollo who instructed him in medicine, prophecy, archery and more.
Apollo adopted Carnus , the abandoned son of Zeus and Europa. He fostered him with the help of his mother Leto and later educated the child.
Apollo personally readied his son Aristaeus for the Indian war by providing him with bow, arrows and a shield.
Apollo brought him up and educated him. Anius later became the priest of Apollo and the king of Delos. In a similar fashion, he had educated his sons Idmon and Iamus by taking him to Olympia.
Upon the death of his son Idmon , Apollo commanded the Megarians and Boetians to build a town around the tomb of the hero, and to honor him for his bravery and sacrifice.
Apollo saved a shepherd name unknown from death in a large deep cave, by the means of vultures. To thank him, the shepherd built Apollo a temple under the name Vulturius.
He helped her free herself from the heartbreak. Apollo divides months into summer and winter. During his absence, Delphi was under the care of Dionysus , and no prophecies were given during winters.
His music would deliver people from their pain, and hence, like Dionysus, he is also called the liberator. Apollo is often seen as the companion of the Muses and as Musagetes , he leads them into dance while he sang.
He is found delighting the immortal gods with his songs and music on the lyre. Apollo was always invited to play music on weddings of the gods, like the marriage of Eros and Psyche , Peleus and Thetis.
The invention of lyre is attributed either to Hermes or to Apollo himself. In the cave, he found a tortoise and killed it, then removed the insides.
Upon discovering the theft, Apollo confronted Hermes and asked him to return his cattle. When Hermes acted innocent, Apollo took the matter to Zeus.
Zeus, having seen the events, sided with Apollo, and ordered Hermes to return the cattle. Hermes then began to play music on the lyre he had invented.
Apollo, a god of music, fell in love with the instrument and offered to allow exchange of the cattle for the lyre.
Hence, Apollo then became a master of the lyre. According to other versions, Apollo had invented the lyre himself, whose strings he tore in repent to the excess punishment he had given to Marsyas.
Apollo participated in musical contests when challenged by others. He was the victor in all the contests, but usually punished his opponents severely for their hubris.
Once Pan had the audacity to compare his music with that of Apollo and to challenge Apollo, the god of music. The mountain-god Tmolus was chosen to umpire.
Pan blew on his pipes, and with his rustic melody gave great satisfaction to himself and his faithful follower, Midas , who happened to be present.
Then Apollo struck the strings of his lyre. It was so beautiful that Tmolus at once awarded the victory to Apollo, and everyone were pleased with the judgement.
Only Midas dissented and questioned the justice of the award. Apollo would not suffer such a depraved pair of ears any longer, and caused them to become the ears of a donkey.
Marsyas was a satyr who was punished by Apollo for his hubris. He had found an aulos on the ground, tossed away after being invented by Athena because it made her cheeks puffy.
Athena had also placed a curse upon the instrument, that whoever would pick it up would be severely punished.
When Marsyas played the flute, everyone became frenzied with joy. This led Marsyas to think that he was better than Apollo, and he challenged the god to a musical contest.
The contest was judged by the Muses. The contestants agreed to the rule that the victor can do anything with the loser.
After they each performed, both were deemed equal until Apollo decreed they play and sing at the same time.
Marsyas argued against this, saying that Apollo would have an advantage. But Apollo presented the counterpoint that since Marsyas played the flute, which needed air blown from the throat, it was same as singing.
The judges agreed with Apollo. Apollo played his lyre and sang at the same time, mesmerising the audience. Marsyas could not do this, as he only knew how to use the flute and not singing.
Apollo was declared the winner because of this. According to some, Marsyas played his flute out of tune at one point and accepted his defeat.
Out of shame, he assigned to himself the punishment of being skinned for a wine sack. Marsyas could not do this with his instrument the flute , and so Apollo hung him from a tree to flay him alive.
Apollo flayed Marsyas alive in a cave near Celaenae in Phrygia for his hubris to challenge a god. But, as an act of repent and purification for killing Marsyas, he tore the strings of his lyre.
Cinyras was a ruler of Cyprus , who was a friend of Agamemnon. Cinyras promised to assist Agamemnon in the Trojan war, but did not keep his promise.
He invoked Apollo and asked the god to avenge the broken promise. Apollo then had a lyre -playing contest with Cinyras , and defeated him.
Either Cinyras committed suicide when he lost, or was killed by Apollo. Love affairs ascribed to Apollo are a late development in Greek mythology.
Daphne was a nymph whose parentage varies. When Apollo chased her in order to persuade her, she changed herself into a laurel tree.
According to other versions, she cried for help during the chase, and Gaea helped her by taking her in and placing a laurel tree in her place.
The leaves became the symbol of victory and laurel wreaths were given to the victors of the Pythian games. Apollo is said to have been the lover of all nine Muses , and not being able to choose one of them, decided to remain unwed.
Cyrene , was a Thessalian princess whom Apollo loved. In her honor, he built the city Cyrene and made her its ruler. She was later granted longevity by Apollo who turned her into a nymph.
The couple had two sons, Aristaeus , and Idmon. Evadne was a nymph daughter of Poseidon and a lover of Apollo. She bore him a son, Iamos.
During the time of the childbirth, Apollo sent Eileithyia , the goddess of childbirth to assist her. Rhoeo , a princess of the island of Naxos was loved by Apollo.
Out of affection for her, Apollo turned her sisters into goddesses. On the island Delos she bore Apollo a son named Anius. Not wanting to have the child, she entrusted the infant to Apollo and left.
Apollo raised and educated the child on his own. Ourea, a daughter of Poseidon , fell in love with Apollo when he and Poseidon were serving the Trojan king Laomedon.
They both united on the day the walls of Troy were built. Ileus was very dear to Apollo. Thero , daughter of Phylas , a maiden as beautiful as the moonbeams, was loved by the radiant Apollo, and she loved him in return.
By their union, she became mother of Chaeron, who was famed as "the tamer of horses". He later built the city Chaeronea. Hyrie or Thyrie was the mother of Cycnus.
Apollo turned both the mother and son into swans when they jumped into a lake and tried to kill themselves.
An oracle prophesied that Troy would not be defeated as long as Troilus reached the age of twenty alive. He was ambushed and killed by Achilleus , and Apollo avenged his death by killing Achilles.
Coronis , was daughter of Phlegyas , King of the Lapiths. While pregnant with Asclepius , Coronis fell in love with Ischys , son of Elatus and slept with him.
When Apollo found out about her infidelity through his prophetic powers, he sent his sister, Artemis, to kill Coronis.
He used his powers to conceal her pregnancy from her father. Later, when Creusa left Ion to die in the wild, Apollo asked Hermes to save the child and bring him to the oracle at Delphi , where he was raised by a priestess.
He was a Spartan prince, beautiful and athletic. The pair was practicing throwing the discus when the discus thrown by Apollo was blown off course by the jealous Zephyrus and struck Hyacinthus in the head, killing him instantly.
Apollo is said to be filled with grief: The festival Hyacinthia was a national celebration of Sparta, which commemorated the death and rebirth of Hyacinthus.
Another male lover was Cyparissus , a descendant of Heracles. Apollo gave him a tame deer as a companion but Cyparissus accidentally killed it with a javelin as it lay asleep in the undergrowth.
Cyparissus was so saddened by its death that he asked Apollo to let his tears fall forever. Apollo granted the request by turning him into the Cypress named after him, which was said to be a sad tree because the sap forms droplets like tears on the trunk.
Developing a passion for the king there, he herded and fed the cattle, and caused the cows to give birth to twin calves. He would make cheese and serve it to Admetus and was often seen being domestic, causing embarrassment to his family.
Oh how often his sister Diana blushed at meeting her brother as he carried a young calf through the fields!
When Admetus wanted to marry princess Alcestis , Apollo provided a chariot pulled by a lion and a boar he had tamed.
Branchus , a shepherd, one day came across Apollo in the woods. Apollo requited his affections and wanting to reward him, bestowed prophetic skills on him.
His descendants, the Branchides, were an influential clan of prophets. Apollo sired many children, from mortal women, nymphs as well as the goddesses.
His children grew up to be physicians, musicians, poets, seers or archers. Many of his sons founded new cities and became kings.
They were all usually very beautiful. Asclepius is the most famous son of Apollo. Apollo brought the child into the world by performing cesarean. Aristaeus , the son of Apollo and Cyrene , was placed under the care of Chiron after his birth.
He became the god of beekeeping, cheese making, animal husbandry and more. He was ultimately given immortality for the benefits he bestowed upon the humanity.
The Corybantes were spear-clashing, dancing demigods. They were seven sons of Apollo and the nymph Rhetia or the Muse Thalia. Apis , Idmon , Iamus , Tenerus , Mopsus and others were gifted seers.
Anius , Pythaeus and Ismenus lived as high priests. Most of them were trained by Apollo himself. Apollo also fostered Carnus , the son of Zeus and Europa.
Marpessa was kidnapped by Idas but was loved by Apollo as well. Zeus made her choose between them, and she chose Idas on the grounds that Apollo, being immortal, would tire of her when she grew old.
Sinope , a nymph, was approached by the amorous Apollo. She made him promise that he would grant to her whatever she would ask for, and then cleverly asked him to let her stay a virgin.
Apollo kept his promise and went back. Bolina was admired by Apollo but she refused him and jumped into the sea.
To avoid her death, Apollo turned her into a nymph and let her go. Castalia was a nymph whom Apollo loved. She fled from him and dove into the spring at Delphi, at the base of Mt.
Parnassos , which was then named after her. Water from this spring was sacred; it was used to clean the Delphian temples and inspire the priestesses.
Cassandra , was a daughter of Hecuba and Priam. Apollo wished to court her. Cassandra promised to return his love on one condition - he should give her the power to see the future.
Apollo fulfilled her wish, but she went back on her word and rejected him soon after. Angered that she broke her promise, Apollo cursed her that even though she would see the future, no one would ever believe her prophecies.
Artemis as the sister of Apollo, is thea apollousa , that is, she as a female divinity represented the same idea that Apollo did as a male divinity.
In the pre-Hellenic period, their relationship was described as the one between husband and wife, and there seems to have been a tradition which actually described Artemis as the wife of Apollo.
However, this relationship was never sexual but spiritual,  which is why they both are seen being unmarried in the Hellenic period.
Artemis, like her brother, is armed with a bow and arrows. She is the cause of sudden deaths of women. She also is the protector of the young, especially girls.
Though she has nothing to do with oracles, music or poetry, she sometimes led the female chorus on Olympus while Apollo sang. Artemis Daphnaia had her temple among the Lacedemonians, at a place called Hypsoi.
The Laurel was sacred to both. Apollo Daphnephoros had a temple in Eretria , a "place where the citizens are to take the oaths. Hecate , the goddess of witchcraft and magic, is the chthonic counterpart of Apollo.
They both are cousins, since their mothers - Leto and Asteria - are sisters. While Apollo presided over the prophetic powers and magic of light and heaven, Hecate presided over the prophetic powers and magic of night and chthonian darkness.
Hecate is the goddess of crossroads and Apollo is the god and protector of streets. As a deity of knowledge and great power, Apollo was seen being the male counterpart of Athena.
Apollo and Athena often took up the role as protectors of cities, and were patrons of some of the important cities.
Athena was the principle goddess of Athens , Apollo was the principle god of Sparta. As patrons of arts, Apollo and Athena were companions of the Muses , the former a much more frequent companion than the latter.
Orestes and Pylades carry out the revenge, and consequently Orestes is pursued by the Erinyes or Furies female personifications of vengeance.
Apollo and the Furies argue about whether the matricide was justified; Apollo holds that the bond of marriage is sacred and Orestes was avenging his father, whereas the Erinyes say that the bond of blood between mother and son is more meaningful than the bond of marriage.
They invade his temple, and he drives them away. He says that the matter should be brought before Athena. Apollo advocates Orestes at the trial, and ultimately Athena rules in favor of Apollo.
The Roman worship of Apollo was adopted from the Greeks. The chief Apollonian festival was the Pythian Games held every four years at Delphi and was one of the four great Panhellenic Games.
Also of major importance was the Delia held every four years on Delos. Athenian annual festivals included the Boedromia , Metageitnia ,  Pyanepsia , and Thargelia.
Spartan annual festivals were the Carneia and the Hyacinthia. Thebes every nine years held the Daphnephoria.
Other attributes of his included the kithara an advanced version of the common lyre , the plectrum and the sword. Another common emblem was the sacrificial tripod , representing his prophetic powers.
The bay laurel plant was used in expiatory sacrifices and in making the crown of victory at these games. The palm tree was also sacred to Apollo because he had been born under one in Delos.
As god of colonization, Apollo gave oracular guidance on colonies, especially during the height of colonization, — BCE. According to Greek tradition, he helped Cretan or Arcadian colonists found the city of Troy.
However, this story may reflect a cultural influence which had the reverse direction: Hittite cuneiform texts mention a Minor Asian god called Appaliunas or Apalunas in connection with the city of Wilusa attested in Hittite inscriptions, which is now generally regarded as being identical with the Greek Ilion by most scholars.
In literary contexts, Apollo represents harmony, order, and reason—characteristics contrasted with those of Dionysus , god of wine, who represents ecstasy and disorder.
The contrast between the roles of these gods is reflected in the adjectives Apollonian and Dionysian. However, the Greeks thought of the two qualities as complementary: This contrast appears to be shown on the two sides of the Borghese Vase.
Apollo is often associated with the Golden Mean. This is the Greek ideal of moderation and a virtue that opposes gluttony. Apollo is a common theme in Greek and Roman art and also in the art of the Renaissance.
Greek art puts into Apollo the highest degree of power and beauty that can be imagined. The sculptors derived this from observations on human beings, but they also embodied in concrete form, issues beyond the reach of ordinary thought.
The naked bodies of the statues are associated with the cult of the body that was essentially a religious activity. The muscular frames and limbs combined with slim waists indicate the Greek desire for health, and the physical capacity which was necessary in the hard Greek environment.
The statues of Apollo embody beauty, balance and inspire awe before the beauty of the world. The evolution of the Greek sculpture can be observed in his depictions from the almost static formal Kouros type in early archaic period , to the representation of motion in a relative harmonious whole in late archaic period.
In classical Greece the emphasis is not given to the illusive imaginative reality represented by the ideal forms, but to the analogies and the interaction of the members in the whole, a method created by Polykleitos.
Finally Praxiteles seems to be released from any art and religious conformities, and his masterpieces are a mixture of naturalism with stylization.
The evolution of the Greek art seems to go parallel with the Greek philosophical conceptions, which changed from the natural-philosophy of Thales to the metaphysical theory of Pythagoras.
Thales searched for a simple material-form directly perceptible by the senses, behind the appearances of things, and his theory is also related to the older animism.
This was paralleled in sculpture by the absolute representation of vigorous life, through unnaturally simplified forms.
Pythagoras believed that behind the appearance of things, there was the permanent principle of mathematics, and that the forms were based on a transcendental mathematical relation.
His ideas had a great influence on post-Archaic art. The Greek architects and sculptors were always trying to find the mathematical relation, that would lead to the esthetic perfection.
In classical Greece, Anaxagoras asserted that a divine reason mind gave order to the seeds of the universe, and Plato extended the Greek belief of ideal forms to his metaphysical theory of forms ideai , "ideas".
The forms on earth are imperfect duplicates of the intellectual celestial ideas. The Greek sculptors considered the senses more important, and the proportions were used to unite the sensible with the intellectual.
Kouros male youth is the modern term given to those representations of standing male youths which first appear in the archaic period in Greece. This type served certain religious needs and was first proposed for what was previously thought to be depictions of Apollo.
The formality of their stance seems to be related with the Egyptian precedent, but it was accepted for a good reason. The sculptors had a clear idea of what a young man is, and embodied the archaic smile of good manners, the firm and springy step, the balance of the body, dignity, and youthful happiness.
When they tried to depict the most abiding qualities of men, it was because men had common roots with the unchanging gods. Apollo was the immortal god of ideal balance and order.
His shrine in Delphi , that he shared in winter with Dionysius had the inscriptions: The Greeks maintained, until late in their civilization, an almost animistic idea that the statues are in some sense alive.
This embodies the belief that the image was somehow the god or man himself. The statue is the "thing in itself", and his slender face with the deep eyes express an intellectual eternity.
According to the Greek tradition the Dipylon master was named Daedalus , and in his statues the limbs were freed from the body, giving the impression that the statues could move.
It is considered that he created also the New York kouros , which is the oldest fully preserved statue of Kouros type, and seems to be the incarnation of the god himself.
The animistic idea as the representation of the imaginative reality, is sanctified in the Homeric poems and in Greek myths, in stories of the god Hephaestus Phaistos and the mythic Daedalus the builder of the labyrinth that made images which moved of their own accord.
This kind of art goes back to the Minoan period, when its main theme was the representation of motion in a specific moment.
The earliest examples of life-sized statues of Apollo, may be two figures from the Ionic sanctuary on the island of Delos. Such statues were found across the Greek speaking world, the preponderance of these were found at the sanctuaries of Apollo with more than one hundred from the sanctuary of Apollo Ptoios , Boeotia alone.
Ranking from the very few bronzes survived to us is the masterpiece bronze Piraeus Apollo. It was found in Piraeus , the harbour of Athens. The statue originally held the bow in its left hand, and a cup of pouring libation in its right hand.
It probably comes from north-eastern Peloponnesus. The emphasis is given in anatomy, and it is one of the first attempts to represent a kind of motion, and beauty relative to proportions, which appear mostly in post-Archaic art.
The statue throws some light on an artistic centre which, with an independently developed harder, simpler and heavier style, restricts Ionian influence in Athens.
Finally, this is the germ from which the art of Polykleitos was to grow two or three generations later. At the beginning of the Classical period , it was considered that beauty in visible things as in everything else, consisted of symmetry and proportions.
The artists tried also to represent motion in a specific moment Myron , which may be considered as the reappearance of the dormant Minoan element.
The Greek sculptors tried to clarify it by looking for mathematical proportions, just as they sought some reality behind appearances. Polykleitos in his Canon wrote that beauty consists in the proportion not of the elements materials , but of the parts, that is the interrelation of parts with one another and with the whole.
It seems that he was influenced by the theories of Pythagoras. So, he went straight away to Parnassus where Python lived, and wounded the monster with his arrows.
Zeus ordered Apollo to cleanse himself, after which he returned to Delphi and claimed the shrine to his name. After these events, Delos and Delphi became sacred sites for the worship of Zeus , Leto , Artemis , and, especially, Apollo.
The high priestess Pythia presided over the Temple of Apollo at Delphi , serving as its enigmatic oracle. So as to appease his older brother after he found out what happened, Hermes offered Apollo his new invention.
The first one to dare do such a thing was the least fortunate one, the satyr Marsyas. As punishment, Marsyas was hanged inside a cave and was subsequently flayed alive.
Fortunately for him, Pan survived unscathed after challenging Apollo and almost unanimously losing the contest. Midas , however — the only judge who deemed that Pan was the better player — got what he deserved: After losing his contest against Apollo , he was either killed by the god or committed suicide.
Apollo was loved by both gods and humans, women and men; and, more often than not, he loved them back as well. On two occasions, a mortal got the better of the god.
A white crow informed Apollo of this affair which enraged Apollo so much that he ordered Artemis to kill Coronis and burned the feathers of the crow.
Crows are black ever since. After a while, Apollo fell in love with Marpessa. Her lover Idas had already went through hell to get her, even risking his own life while abducting her.
Zeus stopped this fight and gave Marpessa the chance to choose. She chose Idas — since she feared that Apollo would stop loving her after she grows old.
In an attempt to seduce her, Apollo gifted Cassandra , the Trojan princess, the gift of prophecy. However, afterward she backed out of the deal. But, he thought of a cunning idea to spoil it: Ever since, nobody believes her — even though her prophecies are always right.